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Latest Library Documents :
Ghana’s Community Information Centres (CiCs)

Johanna Ekua Awotwi

The paper analyses the initiatives of Government of Ghana to use ICT for improvement in operational efficiency and service delivery. This analysis is based on data collected from all known public records, reports, and other materials which were researched, and where possible, persons either directly involved with the Community Information Centres’ (CiCs)project as administrators or users were interviewed. Common challenges or constraints facing project managers in sustaining the centres are also analyzed. It also determines whether the use of mobile phones gaining in popularity for instance, support
the popular rhetoric which has begun to question the need of ICTs or specifically, information centres, beyond the mobile phone; thereby making the centres redundant. Finally, the analysis makes suggestions for possible ways forward in terms of ICT diffusion in rural Ghana.

 

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m-Governance …Leveraging Mobile Technology to extend the reach of e-Governance

Rameesh Kailasam

m-Governance is not a replacement for e-Governance, rather it complements e- Governance. e-Governance is the use of information technology like WAN, Internet and mobile computing by Governance agencies, to transform private businesses and public agencies, as well as to empower the citizens. m-Governance, on the other hand, is the use of mobile or wireless to improve Governance service and information “anytime, anywhere”. Mobile applications also rely on good back office ICT infrastructure and work processes. This paper shares the potential of using mobile phones as input devices in certain areas where last mile connectivity becomes issues for simple data inputs of critical importance for decision making in government departments.

 

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Make M-government an Integral Part of E-government

Dr D.C.Misra, I.A.S. (Retd.)

The paper defines m-government, discusses types of mobility and an m-government framework suggested by Antovski and Gusev (2005). Importance of m-government for economic development is highlighted citing various studies along with the potential, uses and limitations of m-government. The paper then presents two types of M-government and discusses its pros and cons. To tap the vast unrealized potential of m-government the paper draws a 10-point agenda for action. The paper is wound up by concluding remarks noting that efforts in the direction of m-government so far in India have been sporadic and piece meal. No holistic view of m-government has so far been taken as a result of which the vast potential of m-government continues to be unrealized. It is believed that if this agenda is implemented, it will promote and support the cause of m-government.

 

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Contemporary Research on Mobile Government

Asiimwe Edgar Napoleon, M. Shakhawat Hossain Bhuiyan

Continuous developments in mobile technology have led to massive acquisition and adoption of mobile devices at a fast pace. The penetration of mobile use is higher in developing countries than that in developed countries. The emerging developments as well as rapid adaptability of mobile technologies have raised research interests in the field of mobile government (m-Government). The aim of this study is to investigate the current status of mobile government research. This study is based on literature reviews. Different terms describing m-Government were used as keywords to retrieve relevant literature published in leading international journals and reputed conference proceedings. Then the main thematic views of each retrieved literature have explored. The papers addressing similar thematic views in terms of contents and contributions grouped in order to compare the research works. It is expected that this study will contribute putting different themes together to show research similarities as well as differences. In-depth examination of the unit of analysis for each article will further articulate the dimension of the research domain. Thus, the study will provide researchers with extended understanding of research trends on m-Government.
 

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GPS/GSM based train tracking system

Dileepa Jayakody, Mananu Gunawardana, Nipuna Wicrama Surendra, Dayan Gayasri Jayasekara, Chanaka Upendra, Supervisor, Rangana De Silva

The paper presents a solution implemented at Sri Lanka, to provide an intelligent train tracking and management system to improve the existing railway transport service. The solution is based on powerful combination of mobile computing, Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM), Global Positioning System (GPS), Geographical Information System (GIS) technologies and software. The in-built GPS module identifies the train location with a highest accuracy and transfers the information to the central system via GSM. The availability of this information allows the Train Controller to take accurate decisions as for the train location. Location data can be further processed to provide visual positioning using maps granting a wholesome view on train location. Positioning data along with train speed helps the administration to identify the possible safety issues and react to them effectively using the communication methods provided by the system. Additionally, the location information can be used to facilitate accurate scheduling with regard to train arrival and departure on each station.

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